Diagnosing Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction Through Chiropractic Methodologies
A common cause of lower back pain is due to dysfunction of the sacroiliac (SI) joint. Caused by a number of things, including overexertion and sedentary lifestyles, discomfort in the SI joint can be extremely frustrating, limiting movement and causing chronic pain. However, diagnosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be difficult.
A lot of problems can lead to the most common symptoms of SI joint dysfunction, making it harder for doctors to diagnose the problem right away. One way to identify whether pain stems from the SI joint is through a combination of test stemming from chiropractic methodology. The chiropractors at Advanced Spine and Posture works to help adults in Las Vegas, NV diagnose and treat sacroiliac joint dysfunction to help them alleviate pain.
Understanding the SI joint
The sacroiliac joint is located in your pelvis and connects to the sacrum. Its major function is to help bear body weight, absorb shock and facilitate movement.
Dysfunction of the SI joint may be caused by overuse, which is common in athletes, surgical complications, herniated disks, a sedentary lifestyle, and more. Inflammation in the joint can lead to limited mobility in the hip, as well as pain in the lower back, buttocks and down the legs. Additionally, untreated SI joint dysfunction may lead to muscle spasms in other parts of the body and even hip dislocation.
Because lower back pain is the most common symptom of SI joint dysfunction, doctors may have a difficult time diagnosing the problem. A variety of other ailments must be ruled out before the SI joint is considered. If SI joint dysfunction is suspected to be the root of your pain, there are a few avenues for diagnosis, including physical tests and injections.
The tests conducted for SI joint diagnosis are rooted in chiropractic methodology, relying on the mobility of the musculoskeletal system and experienced pain to identify the source of the discomfort. Here are some of the tests your doctor may conduct to determine if the SI joint is to blame for your pain:
- Flexion Abduction External Rotation (FABER) test: While you lie on your back, your doctor will put one leg straight and the other bent with your foot touching the inside of the straight leg’s knee. From there, they will apply pressure by pushing your bent knee down and out, pulling the bent knee to your chest or moving it side to side to determine your mobility and level of pain.
- Sacral thrust test: While you lie face-down, your doctor may apply pressure to the back of your hips. If you endure pain, the test is considered positive.
- Distraction test: While you lie on your back, your doctor will apply pressure to the front of your hips. The test is considered positive if you experience pain.
- Palpation test: Your doctor will apply deep thumb pressure directly over the location of the SI joints to determine if the area is tender, which makes the test positive.
The chiropractors at Advanced Spine and Posture in Las Vegas, NV can help determine if your source of pain is from the SI joints. Once you have a diagnosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction, a treatment plan can be implemented using Chiropractic BioPhysics (CBP) to help minimize pain. Contact us today to learn how we can deliver a personalized treatment plan for you.
Chiropractic BioPhysics, or CBP, is one of the most scientific, researched, and results-oriented corrective care techniques. CBP-trained chiropractors aim to realign the spine back to health, eliminating nerve interference and addressing the source of pain, fatigue, and disease. As with all chiropractic care, CBP is gentle, painless, and non-invasive.