Formerly called Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a condition affecting children and adolescents. Called idiopathic because its exact source has yet to be determined, JIA is an umbrella term for a number of issues that can cause pain, swelling, discomfort and more in young patients.

If a young person in your life may be suffering from JIA, it’s important to realize that it’s not likely caused by the same sources of rheumatoid arthritis in adults. In fact, only about 10 percent of young people suffering from JIA also suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. The distinction may seem purely medical, but it’s important to discern for treatment. At Advanced Spine and Posture, we confirm the medical history of our Las Vegas patients to rule out overlap.

An arthritis primer

Arthritis is, at its core, a term that refers to the inflammation of joints. There are a number of different types of arthritis that affect patients of all ages and backgrounds. Some types of arthritis are chronically painful conditions that require decades to overcome, while others are treatable with the right type of holistic healthcare.

Youth suffering from JIA typically exhibit the same symptoms as adults with arthritis conditions, including swelling, tenderness, warmth and joint pain that’s present for six weeks or more. If you know of a young person experiencing any or all of these symptoms, consult with a chiropractor about conditions affecting the spine and nervous system. There’s a moderate chance they’re suffering from JIA and may benefit from targeted treatment.

Types of JIA

When it comes to the types of arthritis affecting youth, there are several common culprits that can cause discomfort, pain, swelling, loss of motion and more. Here are some of the most common types of JIA affecting young people:

  • Psoriatic arthritis: This type of arthritis usually accompanies the skin condition, psoriasis. If joint pain follows the development of dry, scaly skin, psoriatic JIA is likely the culprit.
  • Oligoarthritis: Typically affecting the larger joints, like the knees and ankles, oligoarthritis usually starts with one to four joints that are inflamed within the first six months. After the first six months, more joints may become inflamed. This type of arthritis represents roughly 40 percent of all new JIA cases.
  • Polyarthritis: Affecting a minimum of five joints in the first six months, polyarthritis is sometimes seen as an early warning sign of adult early-onset rheumatoid arthritis. Smaller joints, like wrists and fingers, are most likely to be affected with JIA polyarthritis.
  • Undifferentiated JIA: When an adolescent experiences symptoms that don’t fit within any of the established JIA categories, they’re diagnosed with undifferentiated JIA. The recommended treatment will differ depending on the patient and their unique healthcare needs.

Whenever dealing with any type of arthritic condition, it’s important to seek the care and expertise of a healthcare practitioner adept at treating issues of the spine. Advanced Spine & Posture is a Las Vegas chiropractic clinic specializing in a holistic approach to healthcare. We tailor our approach and treatment to meet the needs of patients of all ages and symptoms.

If you or someone you know may be suffering from JIA, reach out to us today. We’ll help you learn more about our Chiropractic BioPhysics (CBP) approach to treating different forms of arthritis.

Chiropractic BioPhysics, or CBP, is one of the most scientific, researched, and results-oriented corrective care techniques. CBP-trained chiropractors aim to realign the spine back to health, eliminating nerve interference and addressing the source of pain, fatigue, and disease. As with all chiropractic care, CBP is gentle, painless, and non-invasive.